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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​BIM and GIS​​​​​​​

Article
van Delft, A. (2017) BIM as a 'buzzing' topic in the corporate world. CorporatieGids 2017 -  Orientation book on strategy, business management & ICT for housing corporations, 8e volume, pp.31.
van Delft, A.
CorporatieGids 2017 -  Orientation book on strategy, business management & ICT for housing corporations, 8e volume, pp.31.
April 2017

​​Inserting BIM models for management and maintenance is a "buzzing" topic in the corporate world. What has BIM got to offer and what are the first steps to take as a corporation?

Conference Paper
Sebastian, R. et al. (2016) Roadmap for IT research on a Heritage-BIM Interoperable Platform within INCEPTION. In: The proceedings of the SBE16 Malta. Malta: SBE Malta - Sustainable Built Environment, pp.283-290.
Sebastian, R. • Bonsma, P. • Bonsma, I. • Ziri, A. E. • Parenti, S. • Lerones, P.M. • Llamas, J. • Maietti, F. • Turillazzi, B. • Iadanza, E.
SBE16 Malta, Malta.
March 2016

​​​​​​ABSTRACT

Abstract. Within the EU research project titled INCEPTION, a Heritage-BIM Interoperable Platform will be developed and used to store all cultural heritage-related data. This platform will strongly depend on Semantic Web and Building Information Modelling (BIM) technologies that drive the ‘INCEPTION Time Machine’ where a time dimension will show how the cultural heritage evolves in association with its built and social environments.

This paper describes the technical research challenges associated with this platform. An initial research activity is dedicated to review the state-of-the-art in BIM, H-BIM, H-GIS, as well as the utilization of Semantic Web for enabling semantic search and enrichment of Cultural Heritage information by the end-users. The subsequent research activity will focus on the integration of 3D point-clouds and sensor data with the H-BIM.

Various data will be stored on the H-BIM platform and made available via APIs and web interfaces. The platform itself will contain services for geometric shape recognition and
semantic query. Finally, the AR and VR applications as well as semantic searches, the Time Machine / 4D Viewer component, and a semantic enrichment application will be made available for the end-users and third-party developers alike.

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Conference Paper
Delft, A. van, Sebastian, R. et al. (2015) Open standard CMO for parametric modelling based on semantic web. In: The proceedings of the Tenth European Conference on Product and Process Modelling. Vienna: ECPPM2014, pp.923-928.
Delft, A. van • Sebastian, R. • Bonsma, P. • Bonsma, I. • Zayakova, T. • Böhms, H.M.
Tenth European Conference on Product and Process Modelling, Vienna, Austria.
September 2014

​​​​​​ABSTRACT

The Open Standard Concept Modelling Ontology (CMO) with Extensions makes it possible to store parametric modelling semantics and parametric geometry in a Semantic Web environment. The parametric and geometrical part of CMO with Extensions is developed within the EU project Proficient. The nature of the Semantic Web with support for multiple inheritance and bidirectional relations is kept; this means an alternative way to store typical parametric behavior scripts. This paper describes the generic upper-ontology created to make this possible, the tools used to visualize the parametric geometry and some of the new Modelling Guidelines we developed during development of CMO with Extensions and several test cases. Within the EU project Proficient a link to existing data was very important; therefore import/export from/to the open standard IFC was researched. A beta version for conversion in both directions (IFC => CMO and CMO => IFC) of the geometry is created and will be discussed.​

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Interview with André van Delft
Corporatiemedia, Delft, A. van (2015) BIM can improve the management and the maintenance planning of corporations.
Interview by Corporatiemedia with André van Delft
Oktober 2015

​Increase the quality of workflows, work more efficiently and, of course, save costs. There are common requirements regarding the management and maintenance planning of housing corporations, but how are these goals achieved? André van Delft, director of consultancy DEMO Consultants, explains to CorporatieGids.nl how BIM can be used for management and maintenance​

Conference Paper
Sebastian, R., Schippers-Trifan, O. et al. (2015) STREAMER semantic BIM design approach for hospitals: research case of Rijnstate Hospital in Arnhem. In: The proceedings of the Sustainable Places Conference. Savona: SP2015, pp.121-129.
Sebastian, R. • Schippers-Trifan, O. • Koster, M. • Nederpelt, S. van
Sustainable Places Conference, Savona, Italy.
September 2015

​​​​​​​​Abstract 

This paper discusses the empirical research as a part of the EU FP7 collaborative research project STREAMER (www.streamer-project.eu). The project aims to develop semantic Building Information Model (BIM) methods and tools for designing energy-efficient hospitals. The research activities are dedicated to enrich the BIM with semantic data for energy performance simulation. The preliminary findings discussed in this paper are derived from a real case study of Rijnstate Hospital in Arnhem, the Netherlands. The project focuses on the design process for a new extension of the existing building complex. In this case, the design requirement is developed using a web-based tool called BriefBuilder®. The requirement data are imported into a modelling software for BIM. Subsequently, the model is exported to the IFC open interoperability format, and enriched with semantic information that allows the user to perform an energy performance simulation using specialised software.​​​

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Presentation by Rizal Sebastian at CITC-VIII (Eighth International Conference on Construction)
Sebastian, R., Damen, T., van Delft, A. (2015) Intuitive Self-Inspection Techniques based on BIM for Energy-efficient Buildings: EU Horizon 2020 Research Project INSITER.
Presentation by Rizal Sebastian at CITC-VIII (Eighth International Conference on Construction)
Mei 2015

​​​​​Presentation about EU project INSITER - CITC-VIII (Eighth International Conference on Construction), Thessaloniki, Greece​​

Conference Paper
Sebastian, R., Damen, A.A.J., Delft, A. van et al. (2015) Intuitive Self-Inspection Techniques based on BIM for Energy-efficient Buildings: EU Horizon 2020 Research Project INSITER. In: The proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-8) "Changing the Field: Recent Developments for Future Engineering and Construction". Greenville: CITC-8, pp.79-86.
Sebastian, R. • Damen, A.A.J. • Delft, A. van • Revel, G.M. • D’Antuono, A. • Martarelli, M.
Eighth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-8) "Changing the Field: Recent Developments for Future Engineering and Construction", Thessaloniki, Greece.
May 2015

​​​​​​​​​ABSTRACT​

More than 70% of all buildings in the EU nowadays are based on prefab components. The critical mass of energy-efficient buildings in Europe by 2020 can, therefore, be achieved through sustainable building industrialisation. Prefabricated architectural, structural, MEP and HVAC components nowadays are designed and manufactured according to high quality and performance standards. However, realising the targeted performance in design is hampered by critical shortcomings during on-site construction and refurbishment that cause a lower built-quality and sub-optimal energy-saving in the building lifecycle.
The INSITER research project within the EU Horizon 2020 Programme aims to eliminate the gaps in quality and energy-performance between design and realisation of buildings with prefabricated components. The key innovation of INSITER is an intuitive and cost-effective Augmented Reality (AR) system that connects the virtual model based on Building Information Model (BIM) and the physical building in real-time.
The new concept of self-inspection that is performed simultaneously with on-site processes has a strong contrast with the traditional post-inspection approach. INSITER will develop a new methodology and supporting toolset for self-instruction and self-inspection by construction workers, subcontractors, component suppliers, and other stakeholders during on-site working processes.​

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Article
Damen, A.A.J., Sebastian, R. et al. (2015) The Application of BIM as Collaborative Design Technology for Collective Self-Organised Housing. International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling, 4(1), pp.1-18.
Damen, A.A.J. • Sebastian, R. • MacDonald, M. • Soetanto, D. • Hartmann, T. • Giulio, R.D. • Bonsma, P. • Luig, K.
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling, 4(1), pp.1-18.
January 2015

​​​​ABSTRACT

Collective Self-Organised (CSO) housing projects are an emerging trend in Europe. In these projects communities engage in co-design throughout the process. Little knowledge exists that can support CSOs with the process of managing their projects by using state-of-the-art Building Information Model (BIM) technologies. The authors introduce a BIM supported CSO housing design process that can support CSOs through all stages in the design process, from early conceptual location planning through to selection of interior finishing. They illustrate the project using a demonstrative illustration of a CSO housing design process. The paper will concentrate on the development of innovative Collaborative Design Technology (CDT) solutions. The tools will be demonstrated on the basis of an illustrative demonstration case in which the CSO-process is combined with an IFD (Industrial, Flexible and Durable) building system. The particular advantages for architectural design practice will be highlighted throughout and gaps in the literature addressed.​

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Article
Sebastian, R. et al. (2013) Semantic BIM and GIS for modelling energy-efficient buildings integrated in a healthcare district. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing II-2/W1, Volume: ISPRS 8th 3DGeoInfo Conference.
Sebastian, R. • Böhms, H.M. • Bonsma, P. • Helm, P.W. van den
ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing II-2/W1, Volume: ISPRS 8th 3DGeoInfo Conference.
December 2013
​​​​ABSTRACT

The subject of energy-efficient buildings (EeB) is among the most urgent research priorities in the European Union (EU). In order to achieve the broadest impact, innovative approaches to EeB need to resolve challenges at the neighbourhood level, instead of only focusing on improvements of individual buildings. For this purpose, the design phase of new building projects as well as building retrofitting projects is the crucial moment for integrating multi-scale EeB solutions. 

In EeB design process, clients, architects, technical designers, contractors, and end-users altogether need new methods and tools for designing energy-efficiency buildings integrated in their neighbourhoods. Since the scope of designing covers multiple dimensions, the new design methodology relies on the inter-operability between Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Geospatial Information Systems (GIS). Design for EeB optimisation needs to put attention on the inter-connections between the architectural systems and the MEP/HVAC systems, as well as on the relation of Product Lifecycle Modelling (PLM), Building Management Systems (BMS), BIM and GIS. 

This paper is descriptive and it presents an actual EU FP7 large-scale collaborative research project titled STREAMER. The research on the inter-operability between BIM and GIS for holistic design of energy-efficient buildings in neighbourhood scale is supported by real case studies of mixed-use healthcare districts. The new design methodology encompasses all scales and all lifecycle phases of the built environment, as well as the whole lifecycle of the information models that comprises: Building Information Model (BIM), Building Assembly Model (BAM), Building Energy Model (BEM), and Building Operation Optimisation Model (BOOM).​

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Conference Paper
Sebastian, R. et al. (2013) BIM and GIS for low-disturbance construction. In: The proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality. London: Teesside University, pp.469-479.
Sebastian, R. • Böhms, H.M. • van den Helm, P.W.
Thirteenth International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, London, UK.
Oktober 2013

​​​​ABSTRACT

Construction and maintenance activities of bridges often bring negative impacts to the urban environment in terms of disturbance, traffic jams and disruptions, noise, dust, and air pollution. Lack of coordination between the stakeholders in strategic, tactical and operational construction planning process has been identified as a key factor behind these negative impacts. Attempts to solve this issue critically depend on an effective interoperability between ICT tools from the building domain (based on Building Information Model or BIM) and the urban planning domain (based on three dimensional Geographical Information System or 3D GIS). Research on the interoperability between BIM and GIS requires knowledge of Open BIM as well as Open GIS and their interconnection. Unfortunately, Open BIM and Open GIS have been developed separately and they have pursued different standards and technologies. Open BIM for civil infrastructure projects is still limited, especially due to the fact that the IFC open standard currently targets the building sector. Open GIS mainly relies on the use of GML/CityGML standard. This paper focuses on research to develop a solution for the interoperability of BIM and GIS, especially for the purpose of low-disturbance construction. It reports the on-going EU FP7 collaborative research project PANTURA. The preliminary achievements include a prototype solution that consists of: an architecture for the integration solution between BIM and GIS data and tools; an Application Domain Extension (ADE) that connects BIM data from the bridge with the computational parameters on disturbance in a GIS-based planning tool Urban Strategy; a configuration of open-source Deegree 3D model server; and a query interface between the model server and the decision-support tool. The prototype solution is verified using two case studies: on-site assembly of a new bridge on La Palma island, Spain; and refurbishment of existing bridges in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

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Conference Paper
Sebastian, R. (2011) Procurement methods for BIM-based projects. In: The proceedings of the CIB Joint Conference W078 and W102. Sophia-Antipolis: CIB, pp.800-809.
Sebastian, R.
CIB Joint Conference W078 and W102, Sophia-Antipolis, France.
October 2011

​​​​​​​ABSTRACT

This paper particularly addresses the topics of “legal and regulatory aspects of Building Information Modelling (BIM)” by reporting actual discussions in The Netherlands on the appropriateness of four project delivery methods to be applied for BIM based projects, i.e. traditional Design-Bid-Build, Dutch Building Team, Design-and-Build, and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD). BIM has become very important in a complex project that requires multidisciplinary collaboration. However, in many projects, BIM is still viewed as an ICT tool only, and hitherto BIM is to be decided when the project reaches an operational level. Such a viewpoint can undermine the effectiveness of BIM to support an effective collaboration. Therefore, considering the most appropriate project delivery method to assure an open and integrated collaboration is crucial since the project initiation stage.
The main part of this paper covers a desk research to review several project delivery methods. The analysis focuses on how the use of BIM in a project affects the division of tasks and the formal agreements on the roles and working processes between the parties involved. Following the theoretical analysis, this paper makes a reflection on the recent BIM based projects in The Netherlands refer to the best practices presented during the national BIM competition in 2010. Recommendations are then given to improve the existing practice, among which the standardisation of general contract conditions for a BIM based project is strongly advised to avoid ‘reinventing the wheel’ in each new project.

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Conference Paper
Sebastian, R. (2011) Low-disturbance urban project through smart manufacturing and Building Information Modelling. In: The proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing. Lisboa: SIM2011, pp.37-44.
Sebastian, R.
International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing, Leiria, Portugal.
June 2011

​​​​​​ABSTRACT

This paper primarily addresses the theme of ‘sustainable construction for the built environment’. It describes two ongoing European research projects aiming at the implementation of integrated design, off-site manufacturing and on-site assembly processes, in order to maximize the life-cycle sustainability and minimize the disturbance during construction. Within the first project, titled Trans-IND, the application of Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) and the smart manufacturing techniques for bridges are investigated. Within the second project, titled Pantura, Building Information Modelling (BIM) based ICT tools and flexible planning strategies are developed. The two projects cover over 10 million and 5 million Euros of budget respectively and involve European consortia with over 30 partners representing public authorities, large construction companies, engineering firms, ICT consultants, business consultants, research institutes, and universities. Trans-IND and Pantura research projects comprise field surveys, real case studies and laboratory testing. Europe-wide surveys were conducted to gather the end-users’ and technical requirements for urban infrastructure projects. These provided the input for developing prototypes of FRP based components and the necessary ICT tools. In the near future, two case studies will be used as proof-of-concept, namely: the construction of a new bridge in Spain and the refurbishment of an existing bridge in the Netherlands. Upon the expected completion of the research projects in the end of 2013, the targeted deliverables are: a technical design of FRP bridge components and the production systems, a method for innovative public tender to facilitate value-chain integration, a user interface and a software application for project planning and coordination, and recommendations for improving sustainability standards and measures on low disturbance urban projects.

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Article
Sebastian, R. (2011) Changing roles of the clients, architects and contractors through BIM. Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 18(2), pp.176-187.
Sebastian, R.
Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 18(2), pp.176-187.
February 2011

​​​​ABSTRACT

Purpose – This paper aims to present a general review of the practical implications of building information modelling (BIM) based on literature and case studies. It seeks to address the necessity for applying BIM and re-organising the processes and roles in hospital building projects. This type of project is complex due to complicated functional and technical requirements, decision making involving a large number of stakeholders, and long-term development processes. Design/methodology/approach – Through desk research and referring to the ongoing European research project InPro, the framework for integrated collaboration and the use of BIM are analysed. Through several real cases, the changing roles of clients, architects, and contractors through BIM application are investigated. Findings – One of the main findings is the identification of the main factors for a successful collaboration using BIM, which can be recognised as “POWER”: product information sharing (P), organisational roles synergy (O), work processes coordination (W), environment for teamwork (E), and reference data consolidation (R). Furthermore, it is also found that the implementation of BIM in hospital building projects is still limited due to certain commercial and legal barriers, as well as the fact that integrated collaboration has not yet been embedded in the real estate strategies of healthcare institutions. Originality/value – This paper contributes to the actual discussion in science and practice on the changing roles and processes that are required to develop and operate sustainable buildings with the support of integrated ICT frameworks and tools. It presents the state-of-the-art of European research projects and some of the first real cases of BIM application in hospital building projects.​

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Article
Sebastian, R. et al. (2010) Tool for benchmarking BIM performance of design, engineering and construction Firms in the Netherlands. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 6(4), pp.254-263.
Sebastian, R. • van Berlo, L.
Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 6(4), pp.254-263.
November 2010

​ABSTRACT

Building information modelling (BIM) is becoming more and more important to manage complex communication and information sharing processes in collaborative building projects. A growing number of design, engineering and construction firms have made attempts to adopt BIM to enhance their services and products. However, there remain many uncertainties in the implementation strategies and actual performance. Neither the success nor the bottleneck can be justified objectively since there is no common benchmarking for firms that are applying BIM. This article describes applied research to generate an instrument for benchmarking BIM performance. The instrument aims to provide insight into the current BIM performance level of design, engineering and construction firms. The purpose is to justify the qualification of the parties to be commissioned for projects, as well as to raise awareness and establish a common strategy for innovation through BIM. The benchmarking instrument is based on a quick scan method. It combines quantitative and qualitative assessments of the 'hard' and 'soft' aspects of BIM. The use of this instrument by BIM consultants in the Netherlands has taken place since early 2010.

Article
Sebastian, R. (2010) Integrated design and engineering using Building Information Modelling: a pilot project of small-scale housing development in the Netherlands. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 6(2), pp.103-110.
Sebastian, R.
Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 6(2), pp.103-110.
April 2010

​ABSTRACT

On average, 70% of the life-cycle cost of the building has been decided by the time merely 1% of the cost is spent in the design phase. Therefore, collaborative design relying on multidisciplinary knowledge of the building life-cycle is essential. Building Information Modelling (BIM) makes it possible to integrate knowledge from various project participants that traditionally work in different phases of the building process. BIM has been applied in a number of large-scale projects in the industrial real estate and infrastructure sectors. The projects in the housing sector, however, are predominantly rather small-scaled and carried out by small and medium enterprises (SMEs). These SMEs are looking for practical and affordable BIM solutions for housing projects. This paper reports a pilot project of small-scale housing development using BIM in the province of Zeeland, The Netherlands. The conceptual knowledge derived from European and national research projects is disseminated to the SMEs through a series of experimental working sessions. Action learning protocols within a pilot project are developed to ensure direct impacts in terms of cost reduction and quality improvement. The project shows that BIM can be applied without radical changes of the SMEs’ ICT systems and organisations. ​

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Article
Sebastian, R. (2010) Get rid the barriers towards BIM implementation. Cobouw.nl, Online.
Sebastian, R.
Cobouw.nl, Online.
February 2010

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Article
Article about the dissertation of Sebastian, R. by Chao-Duivis, M. (2007) Working Together - Managing Collaboarative Design. Cobouw.nl, Online.
Article about the dissertation of Sebastian, R. by Chao-Duivis, M.
Cobouw.nl, Online.
November 2007

​​Prof. Monica Chao-Duivis writes in the Cobouw article that Rizal Sebastian's pilot shift is a necessary stepping building block for better cooperation in different ways. The dissertation is called 'Managing Collaboarative Design'. Rizal introduces a concept for managing 'collaborative design'. This concept has involved a research in the cognitive and social processes of design managers and is modeled. The management of collaborative design is considered having an important role during design rather than as a formal hierarchical management function. According to the writer, design management as a catalyst that stimulates and guides the mutual interactions between individual and creative processes. Coaching and advising is the devotion and not giving instructions and commands. Hence, 'managing by designing'.

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